This article was originally published here
BMJ open. 2022 Mar 30;12(3):e051183. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-051183.
INTRODUCTION: Understanding how adults with hearing loss perceive their listening abilities in everyday communication situations is essential to understanding the functional listening challenges associated with hearing loss. The purpose of this study is to explore how adults with hearing loss describe their own experiences of the processes, behaviors, and components of listening in real-world communication through secondary analysis of published qualitative data.
METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review and thematic meta-synthesis of qualitative research studies and qualitative components of mixed methods studies will be conducted. Studies published in English will be identified by searching the Medline, PsychInfo, Web of Science, Embase and Google Scholar databases from the beginning to November 2021. Hand searching of reference lists of included studies will be completed. The methodological quality of included articles will be assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Checklist for Qualitative Studies. The thematic synthesis will proceed as follows: (1) line-by-line coding to label the concepts present in the “results” or “conclusions” section(s) of the included studies; (2) grouping of similar codes into descriptive themes; (3) the development of higher level analytical themes to develop a new interpretation of the results of the included studies. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of QUALitative (CerQUAL) approach will be used to establish the degree of confidence that can be placed in the conclusions of the synthesis and the results will be reported alongside synthesis. Two reviewers will independently conduct eligibility screening, data extraction and quality assessment, analysis and GRADE-CERQual assessments. Discrepancies will be resolved through discussion.
ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: As a secondary data analysis of published literature, ethics approval is not required. Results will be disseminated in peer-reviewed journals, conference presentations, and other research and clinical meetings. This protocol is registered in the prospective systematic review database PROSPERO.
PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020213389.