Launch date of 5G auction technology in India How fast is 5G network technology How much faster is it than 4G

5G is coming to India soon. While the country’s major telecom operators are participating in the ongoing 5G spectrum auction, there are still a considerable number of citizens who still don’t know what 5G really is. Of course, this promises a much faster speed than today’s 4G technology or now-legacy 3G services. But what does that mean in terms of broader day-to-day use? In this article, let’s dive deep into the world of 5G, understand what benefits it will bring, how it will help us transition to a metaverse-dominated world, and most importantly, when can we expect a rollout of 5G? 5G for the general public.

What is 5G? Who invented it?

The “G” in 3G, 4G and 5G refers to the generation of the mobile network. So, 5G stands for fifth generation mobile network.

The creation of 5G cannot be attributed to a single individual or company. However, according to chipmaker Qualcomm, “several companies in the mobile ecosystem are helping bring 5G to life.”

How does 5G work?

Before understanding how 5G works, let’s understand how wireless networks generally work. Comprised of cell sites, wireless networks are divided into sectors that exchange data with each other via radio waves. 4G technology uses large, high-powered cell towers to transmit signals over long distances.

5G, on the other hand, uses several small cell towers that can be mounted on a regular roof or streetlight. While the large-cell structure of 4G had a greater range, 5G requires a number of small cell stations to be set up over short distances to provide faster data transfer over radio waves. 5G uses millimeter waves (mmWave) to transmit data, which uses a band of radio spectrum between 30 GHz and 300 GHz. Simply put, this ensures much faster data transfer, while providing better capacity compared to previous generations.

So how much faster is 5G?

According to the American network operator Verizon, here is how the speed of data transfer has evolved over the generations:

1G: 2.4 kbps
2G: 50 Kbps
3G: 2 Mbps
4G: 100Mbps
5G: 20 Gbps

Keep in mind these are wide speeds that each generation has been able to provide. Actual usage speed differs from service to service, depending on operating region.

What advances has each generation brought? What will 5G bring to the table?

1G technology appeared in the 1980s and only provided analog voice.

2G arrived in the early 1990s, introducing digital voice.

3G was rolled out in the early 2000s, around the time when most people generally started using mobile phones in India, and it brought mobile data.

4G was launched in the 2010s, marking the era of mobile broadband.

5G, when rolled out to the public, will deliver faster speeds, more reliability, and nearly imperceptible latency. For those who don’t know, latency is the time taken for data to move from one point in the network to another. Low latency is extremely important for many industries, especially online gaming or esports.

How is 5G better than 4G?

According to Qualcomm, 5G uses a bit of the entire spectrum – from sub-1 GHz to mmWave – allowing for a wide range of use cases.

5G is also faster than 4G with peak data rates of up to 20 Gbps and average data rates of over 100 Mbps. 5G will also increase traffic capacity and network efficiency by a hundredfold, while providing real-time access to data with 1ms end-to-end latency.

What impact will 5G have?

The Internet is slowly moving towards Web3 technology, and with it, the virtual world is preparing to exist only on the metaverse. For those unaware, the Metaverse is a concept that will see the internet transform into a single universal world supported by Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR). With 5G speeds and connectivity, users will be able to access the Metaverse and all of its services almost seamlessly.

For esports, 5G’s low latency and high speeds will make mobile gaming a much smoother experience, bolstering a rapidly growing industry.

Apart from the above, 5G will generally make internet usage on mobile faster and smoother. It will also lead to better network coverage and fewer dropped calls due to its increased capacity.

Finally, when will 5G be rolled out in India?

After the 5G auction is over, 5G services are expected to roll out in India from August-September. Telecom operators such as Jio, Airtel and Vi have already set up 5G test sites in Delhi, Gurugram, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chandigarh, Jamnagar, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Pune and Gandhinagar.

However, a large-scale deployment can only be expected in 2023. Electronics and Information Technology Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw said in an interview with ANI: “ 5G will be ready for deployment in March 2023.”