COP-27 | Climate Networking – The Hindu

Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt will host over 45,000 registered participants, including government leaders, to discuss ways to reduce carbon emissions

Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt will host over 45,000 registered participants, including government leaders, to discuss ways to reduce carbon emissions

From Monday, the port and seaside city of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, will host more than 45,000 registered participants as part of the 27th edition of the United Nations Conference of the Parties (UN-COP). Participants include representatives from all 195 UN-COP member countries, business people, scientists, members of indigenous and local communities and activists.

UN-COPs, over the decades, have become a colossal networking event where, under the umbrella of a latent climate crisis, various interest groups walk away after lengthy negotiations with little more than a promise of meet the following year at a new location. The two-week jamboree features multiple themed sub-events, demonstrations and pavilions that begin with a bang, such as with a world leader’s summit.

The event sees several heads of state making statements on the need to ensure that carbon emissions do not heat the planet beyond its sustainable limits. Last year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, at the 26th COP in Glasgow, Scotland, pledged that India would become net zero, or effectively carbon neutral, by 2070 It is unclear whether he will be in Sharm-El-Sheikh but US President Joe Biden and UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak are expected to attend.

From there, the top – on the surface – is muted but buzzes with activity below as various negotiating teams, representing countries, business groups and think tanks come together in small groups, present projects of text agreements and wage semantic wars over commas and semicolons. The main founding document is now the Paris Agreement of 2015 which commits countries to keeping temperatures above 2°C by the end of the century and as much as possible below 1.5°C.

This guiding principle translates into an annual agreement, the latest being the Glasgow Climate Pact – a collection of various articles and sub-articles – which outlines each country’s responsibilities and how they propose to take action to reduce emissions. of carbon. As has now become a habit in most COPs, the negotiations go to a crescendo where concerns are expressed about an impasse, and then the President of the COP — this time it will be Sameh Shoukry, the Egyptian Minister for foreign — will push the time limit for a few hours, then a document, filled with additional winnings, is conjured up when the hammer falls.

“Implementation COP”

The last COP, Mr. Shoukry said, will be an “implementation COP”. “This means the full and faithful implementation of all provisions of the Paris Agreement, as well as the pursuit of even more ambitious NDCs if we are to keep the temperature target within reach and avoid further negative impacts. . It further means pursuing a transformative agenda of action aimed at moving from promises to action on the ground,” he said in a press release. NDCs, or Nationally Determined Contributions, are a country’s intention – but not binding or mandatory – to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. Last August, the Union Cabinet approved an update of India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which is an official communication to the UN, setting out the steps to be taken by the country to prevent global temperatures from rising above 2°C by the end of the century.

India updated its 2015 NDC by committing to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 45% by 2030, compared to 2005 levels, by reaching 50% of cumulative installed electricity capacity at from non-fossil energy resources by 2030 and creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 by adding forest and tree cover by 2030. However, unlike the 2015 version, the latest NDC also underscores India’s commitment to “..mobilize domestic and new and additional funds from developed countries. . to, primarily, access and implement clean energy technology so that it can move away from fossil fuel sources, over time, without compromising development needs.

Environment Minister Bhupendra Yadav, who will lead India’s delegation to COP-27, said India, as in previous years, will continue to press developed countries to meet their long-standing commitment. date and not required to provide 100 billion dollars a year for the climate. funding by 2020 and every year thereafter until 2025. There is as yet no definition of what constitutes “climate finance” and whether this includes both loans and grants and India , he said, would push for more transparency as well as institutional mechanisms to make these funds available to developing countries as well as countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.